The 1,050-year-old town of Lüneburg is located close to Hamburg (50km/30 miles) and is one of the most fascinating places in northern Germany. Lüneburg is known historically for its salt extraction and trade within the Hanseatic League. Salt was extracted in the Lüneburger Saline (Lüneburg Saltworks) for more than 1,000 years. Trading this precious “white gold” meant that the town accumulated wealth and commanded respect in the Middle Ages. Lüneburg survived World War II intact, so it boasts a closed, medieval townscape. Its historic red brick Gothic architecture creates an exciting contrast to the town’s young and lively vibe created in part by the thousands of students that live and learn here. Lüneburg boasts the second-highest number of pubs and restaurants per square metre in Europe after Madrid. It has more than 1000 architectural monuments and other idyllic spots. The Kloster Lüne is a former convent that today informs visitors about architecture and art treasures. Visitors can also head down to the romantic harbour, or explore the city’s rich history in one of the museums. Lüneburg also has a lot of nature to offer with an inner city conservation area “Kalkberg” and two protected areas in the surroundings: the nature park Lüneburg heath in the west and a biosphere reserve along the Elbe River in the East.
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